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Belajar Tentang IP Address Dan Subnetting

Juli 28, 2010

Disini kita akan belajar tentang IP Address dan Subnetting , baik pembagian Class A , Class B , Class C , dan Class D , maupun subnet mask , valid ip address dan banyak hal lainnya, dan juga konversi Binary ke Decimal

 

IP Addressing and Subnetting

 

 

 

Binary To Decimal Conversion

128 

64 

32 

16 

8 

4 

2 

1 

Answer 

1 

0 

0 

1 

0 

0 

1 

0 

146 

0 

1 

1 

1 

0 

1 

1 

1 

119 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

255 

1 

1 

0 

0 

0 

1 

0 

1 

197 

1 

1 

1 

1 

0 

1 

1 

0 

246 

0 

0 

0 

1

0 

0 

1 

1 

19 

1 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

1 

129 

0 

0 

1 

1 

0 

0 

0 

1 

49 

0 

1 

1 

1 

1 

0 

0 

0 

120 

1 

1 

1 

1 

0 

0 

0 

0 

240 

0 

0 

1 

1 

1 

0 

1 

1 

59 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

1 

1 

1 

7 

0 

0 

0 

1 

1 

0 

1 

1 

27 

1 

0 

1 

0 

1 

0 

1 

0 

170 

0 

1 

1 

0 

1 

1 

1 

1 

111 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

0 

0 

0 

248 

0 

0 

1 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

32 

0 

1 

0 

1 

0 

1 

0 

1 

85

0 

0 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

0 

62 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

1 

1 

3 

1 

1 

1 

0 

1 

1 

0 

1 

237 

1 

1 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

192 

 

Decimal To Binary Conversion

128 

64 

32 

16 

8 

4 

2 

1 

255 

1 

1 

1 

0 

1 

1 

1 

0 

238 

0 

0 

1 

0 

0 

0 

1 

0 

34 

0 

1 

1 

1 

1 

0 

1 

1 

123 

0 

0 

1 

1 

0 

0 

1 

0 

50 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

255 

1 

1 

0 

0 

1 

0 

0 

0 

200 

0 

0 

0 

0 

1 

0 

1 

0 

10 

1 

0 

0 

0 

1 

0 

1 

0 

138 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

1 

1 

0 

0 

0 

0 

1 

1 

0 

1 

13 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 

0 

1 

0 

250 

0 

1 

1 

0 

1 

0 

1 

1 

107 

1 

1 

1 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

224 

0 

1 

1 

1 

0 

0 

1 

0 

114 

1 

1 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

192 

1 

0 

1 

0 

1 

1 

0 

0 

172 

0 

1 

1 

0 

0 

1 

0 

0 

100 

0 

1 

1 

1 

0 

1 

1 

1 

119 

0

0 

1 

1 

1 

0 

0 

1 

57 

0 

1 

1 

0 

0 

0 

1 

0 

98 

1 

0 

1 

1 

0 

0 

1 

1 

179 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

0 

1 

0 

2 

                Address Class Identification

 

Address 

Class 

10.250.1.1

A

150.10.15.0

B

192.14.2.0

C

148.17.9.1

B

193.42.1.1

C

126.8.156.0

A

220.200.23.1

C

230.230.45.58

D

177.100.18.4

B

119.18.45.0

A

249.240.80.78

E

199.155.77.56

C

117.89.56.45

A

215.45.45.0

C

199.200.15.0

C

95.0.21.90

A

33.0.0.0

A

158.98.80.0

B

219.21.56.0

C

    

 

Network Addresses

188.10.18.2

255.255.0.0 

188.10.0.0 

10.10.48.80

255.255.255.0 

10.10.48.0 

192.149.24.191

255.255.255.0 

192.149.24.0 

150.203.23.19

255.255.0.0 

150.203.0.0 

10.10.10.10

255.0.0.0 

10.0.0.0 

186.13.23.110

255.255.255.0 

186.13.23.0 

223.69.230.250

255.255.0.0 

223.69.0.0 

200.120.135.15

255.255.255.0 

200.120.135.0 

27.125.200.151

255.0.0.0

27.0.0.0

199.20.150.35

255.255.255.0 

199.20.150.35

191.55.165.135

255.255.255.0 

191.55.165.0

28.212.250.254

255.255.0.0 

28.212.0.0

 

 

Host Addresses

188.10.18.2

255.255.0.0 

0.0.18.2 

10.10.48.80

255.255.255.0 

0.0.0.80 

222.49.49.11

255.255.255.0

0.0.0.11 

128.23.230.19

255.255.0.0 

0.0.230.19 

10.10.10.10

255.0.0.0 

0.10.10.10 

200.113.123.11

255.255.255.0 

0.0.0.11 

223.169.23.20

255.255.0.0 

0.0.23.20 

203.20.35.215

255.255.255.0 

0.0.0.215 

117.15.2.51

255.0.0.0 

0.15.2.51 

199.120.15.135

255.255.255.0

0.0.0.135 

191.55.165.135

255.255.255.0 

0.0.0.135 

48.21.25.54

255.255.0.0 

0.0.25.54 

 

Default Subnet Mask

 

177.100.18.4 

255.255.0.0 

119.18.45.0 

255.0.0.0 

191.249.234.191 

255.255.0.0 

223.23.223.109 

255.255.255.0 

10.10.250.1 

255.0.0.0 

126.123.123.1

255.0.0.0 

223.69.230.250 

255.255.255.0 

192.12.35.105 

255.255.255.0 

77.251.200.51 

255.0.0.0 

189.210.200.51 

255.255.0.0 

88.45.65.35 

255.0.0.0 

128.212.250.254 

255.255.0.0 

193.100.77.83 

255.255.255.0 

125.125.250.1 

255.0.0.0 

1.1.10.50 

255.0.0.0 

220.90.130.45

255.255.255.0 

134.125.34.9 

255..0.0.0 

95.250.91.99 

255.0.0.0 

 

 

 

 

Custom Subnet Masks

Problem 4

Number of needed usable subnets    6

Number of needed usable hosts    30     

Network Address            210.100.56.0

 

Address Class                C

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.255.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.224

Total Number of Usable of subnets    8

Number of Usable subnets        6

Total number of host address        32

Number of Usable address        30

Number of bit borrowed        3

 

Problem 5

Number of needed usable subnets    6

Number of needed usable hosts     30

Network Address            195.85.8.0

 

Address Class                C

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.255.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.224

Total Number of Usable of subnets    8

Number of Usable subnets        6

Total number of host address        32    

Number of Usable address        30

Number of bit borrowed        3

 

Problem 6

Number of needed usable subnets    126

Number of needed usable hosts     131,070

Network Address            118.0.0.0

 

Address Class                A

Default Subnet Mask            255.0.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.254.0.0    

Total Number of Usable of subnets    128

Number of Usable subnets        126

Total number of host address        131,072

Number of Usable address        131,070

Number of bit borrowed        7

 

 

 

Problem 7

Number of needed usable subnets    2000

Number of needed usable hosts     15

Network Address            178.100.0.0

 

Address Class                B

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.224

Total Number of Usable of subnets    2048

Number of Usable subnets        2046

Total number of host address        32

Number of Usable address        30

Number of bit borrowed        11

 

Problem 8

Number of needed usable subnets    1

Number of needed usable hosts     45

Network Address            200.175.14.0

 

Address Class                C

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.255.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.192

Total Number of Usable of subnets    4

Number of Usable subnets        2

Total number of host address        64

Number of Usable address        60

Number of bit borrowed        2

 

Problem 9

Number of needed usable subnets    60

Number of needed usable hosts     1000

Network Address            128.77.0.0

    

Address Class                B

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.252.0

Total Number of Usable of subnets    64

Number of Usable subnets        62

Total number of host address        1024

Number of Usable address        1022

Number of bit borrowed        6

 

 

 

 

 

Problem 10

Number of needed usable hosts     60

Network Address            198.100.10.0

 

Address Class                C

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.255.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.192

Total Number of Usable of subnets    4

Number of Usable subnets        2

Total number of host address        64

Number of Usable address        62

Number of bit borrowed        2

 

Problem 11

Number of needed usable subnets    250        

Network Address            101.0.0.0

 

Address Class                A    

Default Subnet Mask            255.0.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.0.0

Total Number of Usable of subnets    256

Number of Usable subnets        254

Total number of host address        65536

Number of Usable address        65534

Number of bit borrowed        8

 

Problem 12

Number of needed usable subnets    5

Network Address            218.35.50.0

 

Address Class                C

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.255.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.224

Total Number of Usable of subnets    8

Number of Usable subnets        6

Total number of host address        32

Number of Usable address        30

Number of bit borrowed        3

 

Problem 13

Number of needed usable hosts    25

Network Address            218.35.50.0

 

Address Class                C

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.255.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.224

Total Number of Usable of subnets    8

Number of Usable subnets        6

Total number of host address        32

Number of Usable address        30

Number of bit borrowed        3

 

Problem 14

Number of needed usable subnets    10

Network Address            172.59.0.0

 

Address Class                B

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.240.0

Total Number of Usable of subnets    16

Number of Usable subnets        14

Total number of host address        4096

Number of Usable address        4094

Number of bit borrowed        4

 

Problem 15

Number of needed usable hosts    50

Network Address            172.59.0.0

 

Address Class                B

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.192

Total Number of Usable of subnets    1024

Number of Usable subnets        1022

Total number of host address        64

Number of Usable address        62

Number of bit borrowed        10

 

Problem 16

Number of needed usable hosts     29

Network Address            23.0.0.0

 

Address Class                A

Default Subnet Mask            255.0.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.224

Total Number of Usable of subnets    524288

Number of Usable subnets        524286

Total number of host address        32

Number of Usable address        30

Number of bit borrowed        19

 

 

Subnetting

Problem 3

Number of needed usable subnets     1        

Network Address            195.223.50.0

 

Address Class                C    

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.255.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.192

Total Number of Usable of subnets    4

Number of Usable subnets        2

Total number of host address        64

Number of Usable address        62

Number of bit borrowed        2

 

What is the 2nd usable            

Subnet range ?                195.223.50.128 – 195.223.50.191

What is the subnet number

For the 1st usable subnet ?        195.223.50.64

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 1st usable subnet ?    195.223.50.127

What are the assignable addresses

For the 2nd usable subnet ?        195.223.50.129 – 195.223.50.190

 

Problem 4

Number of needed usable subnets     750        

Network Address            190.35.0.0

 

Address Class                B        

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.192

Total Number of Usable of subnets    1024

Number of Usable subnets        1022

Total number of host address        64

Number of Usable address        62

Number of bit borrowed        10

 

What is the 14th usable

Subnet range ?                190.35.3.128 – 190.35.3.191

What is the subnet number

For the 12th usable subnet ?        190.35.3.0

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 9th usable subnet ?    190.35.2.127

What are the assignable addresses

For the 5th usable subnet ?        190.35.1.65 – 190.35.1.127

 

Problem 5

Number of needed usable hosts     6

Network Address            126.0.0.0

 

Address Class                A

Default Subnet Mask            255.0.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.192

Total Number of Usable of subnets    262144

Number of Usable subnets        262142

Total number of host address        64

Number of Usable address        62

Number of bit borrowed        18

 

What is the 1st usable

Subnet range ?                126.0.0.64 – 126.0.0.127

What is the subnet number

For the 4th usable subnet ?        126.0.1.0

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 6th usable subnet ?    126.0.1.191

What are the assignable addresses

For the 9th usable subnet ?        126.0.2.65 – 126.0.2.127

 

Problem 6

Number of needed usable subnets    10     

Network Address            192.170.10.0

 

Address Class                C

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.255.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.240

Total Number of Usable of subnets    16

Number of Usable subnets        14

Total number of host address        16

Number of Usable address        14

Number of bit borrowed        4

 

What is the 8th usable

Subnet range ?                192.70.10.128 – 192.70.10.143

What is the subnet number

For the 3rd usable subnet ?        192.70.10.48

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 11th usable subnet ?    192.70.10.176

What are the assignable addresses

For the 9th usable subnet ?        192.70.10.145 – 192.70.10.158

 

 

 

Problem 7

Network Address            10.0.0.0 /16            

 

Address Class                A

Default Subnet Mask            255.0.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.0.0

Total Number of Usable of subnets    256

Number of Usable subnets        254

Total number of host address        65536

Number of Usable address        65534

Number of bit borrowed        8

 

What is the 10th usable

Subnet range ?                10.0.0.40 – 10.0.0.43        

What is the subnet number

For the 5th usable subnet ?        10.0.0.20

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 1st usable subnet ?    10.0.0.7

What are the assignable addresses

For the 8th usable subnet ?        10.0.0.33 – 10.0.0.34

 

Problem 8

Number of needed usable subnets    4    

Network Address            172.50.0.0

 

Address Class                B

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.224.0

Total Number of Usable of subnets    8

Number of Usable subnets        6        

Total number of host address        8192

Number of Usable address        8190

Number of bit borrowed        3

 

What is the 3rd usable

Subnet range ?                172.50.0.96 – 172.50.0.127

What is the subnet number

For the 4th usable subnet ?        172.50.0.128

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 5th usable subnet ?    172.50.0.191

What are the assignable addresses

For the 2nd usable subnet ?        172.50.0.65 – 172.50.0.94

 

 

 

Problem 9

Number of needed usable hosts     28

Network Address            172.50.0.0

 

Address Class                B

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.224

Total Number of Usable of subnets    2048

Number of Usable subnets        2046

Total number of host address        32

Number of Usable address        30

Number of bit borrowed        11

 

What is the 1st usable

Subnet range ?                172.50.0.32 – 172.50.0.63

What is the subnet number

For the 9th usable subnet ?        172.50.1.32

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 3rd usable subnet ?    172.50.0.127

What are the assignable addresses

For the 5th usable subnet ?        172.50.0.161 – 172.50.0.190

 

Problem 10

Number of needed usable subnets    45    

Network Address            220.100.100.0

 

Address Class                C

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.255.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.252

Total Number of Usable of subnets    64

Number of Usable subnets        62

Total number of host address        4

Number of Usable address        2

Number of bit borrowed        6

 

What is the 4th usable

Subnet range ?                220.100.100.16 – 220.100.100.19

What is the subnet number

For the 3rd usable subnet ?        220.100.100.12

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 12th usable subnet ?    220.100.100.51

What are the assignable addresses

For the 11th usable subnet ?        220.100.100.45 – 220.100.100.46

 

 

Problem 11

Number of needed usable hosts    8000     

Network Address            135.70.0.0

 

Address Class                B

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.224.0

Total Number of Usable of subnets    8

Number of Usable subnets        6

Total number of host address        8192

Number of Usable address        8190

Number of bit borrowed        3

 

What is the 5th usable

Subnet range ?                135.70.0.160 – 135.70.0.191

What is the subnet number

For the 6th usable subnet ?        135.70.0.192

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 2nd usable subnet ?    135.70.0.192

What are the assignable addresses

For the 4th usable subnet ?        135.70.0.129 – 135.70.0.158

 

Problem 12

Number of needed usable hosts     45    

Network Address            198.125.50.0

 

Address Class                C

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.255.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.192

Total Number of Usable of subnets    4

Number of Usable subnets        2

Total number of host address        64

Number of Usable address        62

Number of bit borrowed        2

 

What is the 1st usable

Subnet range ?                198.125.50.64 – 198.125.50.127

What is the subnet number

For the 1st usable subnet ?        198.125.50.64

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 2nd usable subnet ?    198.125.50.191

What are the assignable addresses

For the 2nd usable subnet ?        198.125.50.129 – 198.125.50.190

 

 

Problem 13

Network Address            165.200.0.0 /26        

 

Address Class                B

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.192

Total Number of Usable of subnets    1024

Number of Usable subnets        1022

Total number of host address        64

Number of Usable address        62

Number of bit borrowed        10

 

What is the 9th usable

Subnet range ?                165.200.2.64 – 165.200.2.127

What is the subnet number

For the 10th usable subnet ?        165.200.2.128

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 1022nd usable subnet ?165.200.255.191

What are the assignable addresses

For the 1021st usable subnet ?        165.200.255.65 – 165.200.255.126

 

Problem 14

Number of needed usable hosts     16

Network Address            200.10.10.0

 

Address Class                C

Default Subnet Mask            255.255.255.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.255.224

Total Number of Usable of subnets    8

Number of Usable subnets        6

Total number of host address        32

Number of Usable address        30

Number of bit borrowed        3

 

What is the 6th usable

Subnet range ?                200.10.10.192 – 200.10.10.223

What is the subnet number

For the 4th usable subnet ?        200.10.10.128

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 3rd usable subnet ?    200.10.10.127

What are the assignable addresses

For the 5th usable subnet ?        200.10.10.161 – 200.10.10.190

 

 

 

Problem 15

Network Address            93.0.0.0 /19            

 

Address Class                A    

Default Subnet Mask            255.0.0.0

Custom Subnet Mask            255.255.224.0

Total Number of Usable of subnets    2048

Number of Usable subnets        2046

Total number of host address        8196

Number of Usable address        8192

Number of bit borrowed        11

 

What is the 14th usable

Subnet range ?                93.1.0.192 – 93.1.0.223

What is the subnet number

For the 8th usable subnet ?        93.1.0.0

What is the subnet broadcast

Address for the 6th usable subnet ?    93.0.0.223

What are the assignable addresses

For the 11th usable subnet ?        93.1.0.97 – 93.1.0.126

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Valid and Non – Valid IP Addresses

 

IP Address : 0.230.190.192        The network ID cannot be 0

Subnet Mask : 255.0.0.0

 

IP Address : 192.10.10.1        OK

Subnet Mask : 255.255.255.0

 

IP Address : 245.150.190.10        The IP address is class E

Subnet Mask : 255.255.255.0

 

IP Address : 135.70.191.255        OK

Subnet Mask : 255.255.254.0

 

IP Address : 127.100.100.10        OK

Subnet Mask : 255.0.0.0

 

IP Address : 93.0.128.1            OK

Subnet Mask : 255.255.255.224

 

IP Address : 200.10.10.128        OK

Subnet Mask : 255.255.255.224

 

IP Address : 165.100.255.189        OK

Subnet Mask : 255.255.255.192

 

IP Address : 190.35.0.10        OK

Subnet Mask : 255.255.255.192

 

IP Address : 218.35.50.195        The IP address is class C

Subnet Mask : 255.255.0.0

 

IP Address : 200.10.10.175 /22    The IP address is class C

 

IP Address : 135.70.255.255        OK

Subnet Mask : 255.255.224.0


 

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